Is The Death Penalty Effective?
The death penalty is something that very few countries continue to use today. In fact, the United States is nearly alone on the list of countries who still use it, save for its worst enemies who also still use it. This means of punishment is meant to deter others from following in the footsteps of those who commit heinous crimes, and yet it is not effective. There are other means of promoting justice that will reduce recidivism rates and repair community wounds, particularly that of restorative justice. These types of programs offer better results for decreasing crime rates, especially of crimes whose previous punishment might have been the death penalty. Community restorative boards consist of small groups who conduct the face-to-face meetings. Generally this type of restorative justice program takes place when offenders are referred by a judge to attend this in lieu of other charges. Restorative circles were created to allow prisoners to meet with any family or friends in group therapy-type settings so that they may transition back into their community with the support of their friends as well as their family.
The implementation of restorative justice programs in prison systems significantly reduces recidivism rates while also reducing the number of internal conflicts. It does this by decreasing criminal behavior and criminal actions for the long term. Restorative justice does not just hold the offender accountable but holds the community, victim, and offender accountable to one another. As the offender takes positive actions through responsibility and reparations, they are able to view themselves in a positive manner again and as such, improve their behavior. The use of restorative justice is especially useful in terms of its therapeutic effects when combined with counseling for juvenile offenders, violent offenders, sex offenders, and those who need drug or family counseling. Restorative justice programs are limited in that drug offences, domestic violence, and sexual assault are not subject to the programs.
However, for other crimes, victims encountered positive results from restorative justice programs such as the improved ability to work, pick up their daily activities, and sleep. Victims of violent crimes do not worry about another offense being as likely. These also have reduced anger toward the offender as well as increased senses of security. They are able to sympathize more with the offender and any of the offender’s supports. Victims enjoy an increase in self-confidence and reduced anxiety. Allowing restorative justice for certain crimes is based on harm reduction.
The majority of Americans have a clear and strong stance when it comes to the death penalty, no matter which side of the debate they sit on. Supporters of this punishment argue that it serves as a deterrent to crime, and that justice is being served. My personal stance on the death penalty is that it is an outdated and ineffective punishment, serving no true benefit to society and causing more harm than good to society as a whole.
When looking at the argument that the death penalty serves as a deterrent to others thinking about committing the same crime, we need only look to other countries around the world as examples to disprove this. Throughout the world, we are able to see that, in those countries where there is no death penalty, murders and other violent crimes happen at a much lower rate than in the United States. It does seem counter-intuitive, but the evidence is clear.
We can also clearly see that, in the United States, many people still commit these horrendous crimes, knowing full well that capital punishment exists. In the heat of the moment, when a person is not thinking clearly and logically, the existence of the death penalty and the possibility that they could be facing this punishment does not typically cross their mind, and cause them to alter their behavior. The consequences of their actions are not at the forefront of their minds while they’re in the midst of carrying out those actions. We can see this in the consistent, and increasing, number of violent crimes being committed year after year in this country.
There have also been widely publicised cases of wrongly convicted individuals, who were either put to death or were awaiting their punishment, that were revealed to be innocent. In the cases where the death penalty had already been carried out, it was too late for those innocent people. And, in the cases where innocence was discovered in time, we can only be thankful that it wasn’t too late. There are definitely cases of people being wrongly accused and convicted, and for each case that’s brought to light, we must keep in mind that there are likely more that we’ve never – and will never – hear about. Having even one innocent person put to death wrongly is a crime unto itself.
We must also look at the mental competence of the individuals being convicted and sentenced to this punishment. If a person is not mentally capable of processing and understanding the actions they have committed, it is ethically wrong to execute them for this.
When looking at the ethics of capital punishment, it’s also essential to assess whether or not it constitutes cruel and unusual punishment. There have been advancements in the technologies being used to enact the death penalty that are designed to lessen the pain and suffering a person endures. But, in reality, the only individuals who can attest to their effectiveness are those being executed. We cannot say for certain whether or not someone suffered unduly while they were being executed, whether everything worked as it should to ensure a quick and painless death.
And, yes, there are those who will argue that a death marked by pain and suffering is a part of the justice being served. But, as we try to hold ourselves as a nation to a higher standard than our worst criminals, we should at the very least allow our justice system to work as it should, according to the Supreme Court. And, nowhere in history has the Supreme Court ever advocated for the use of cruel and unusual punishment. We would like to think that we have more compassion and humanity than those who have committed such horrendous crimes, and as such, we should demonstrate this by showing them the humanity they denied someone else, not by sinking to their level.
The argument for or against the death penalty has been passionately argued throughout our nation’s history, with each side having their own strong viewpoints. When we look at the evidence from around the world on the effectiveness of capital punishment as a deterrent, as well as the ethical dilemma of potentially executing innocent or mentally incompetent individuals, it is easy to see that the practice of capital punishment offers no benefits to our society.